11.11.2014 14:57 | Communications Department of ROSATOM
ROSATOM, one of the world’s biggest nuclear energy companies, announced today further details of yesterday's agreement with the Islamic Republic of Iran to scale-up the country’s civilian nuclear program, which has been constrained for decades by war and international political pressure.
The wide-ranging agreement is set to transform the energy infrastructure and economy of Iran, which is around 90% dependent on domestically-produced oil and gas for its electricity. As many as nine million homes will be supplied with electricity by the expanded nuclear facilities, meeting around a third of the country's power needs and enabling hydrocarbon reserves to be conserved for future export.
The cornerstone of the agreement is the further expansion of the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant on the Persian Gulf, which ROSATOM completed in 2013. It is also the only civilian nuclear facility in the Middle East, and with a 1GWp VVER-1000 reactor, today supplies one million Iranian homes.
Under the terms of the agreement, ROSATOM will add two further VVER
nuclear reactors at Bushehr in the short-term. The exact type of the
reactors, as well as the financial terms and timetable will be agreed in
the coming months. Two further reactors will be built at Bushehr in the
medium-term. A new seawater desalination plant is under consideration
that would be powered by the expanded power station.
the parties agreed to develop an entirely new nuclear power plant in
the country with four VVER reactors. The location has yet to be
announced by the Iranian nuclear authorities.
CEO ROSATOM, said: «ROSATOM has seventy years' experience of nuclear,
and its technology and expertise will play an increasingly important
role as nuclear grows its share of the energy mix, including in
countries rich in hydrocarbons. Civilian nuclear is all about
collaboration and we at ROSATOM are proud to have backed our Iranian
partners in what has been a long and challenging initiative, but one
that will deliver transformational social, economic and environmental
benefits for the Islamic Republic and its citizens.»
Islamic Republic of Iran and ROSATOM also committed today to maximize
domestic content and services in the construction, operation and
decommissioning of nuclear power plants, in order to support the
creation of new employment in Iran and bolster skills development.
ROSATOM experts will support with education and training, both at
universities and among public and private Iranian companies.
for the new reactors will be supplied by ROSATOM’s fuel subsidiary,
TVEL, which will transport spent fuel back to Russia for reprocessing. A
separate Memorandum of Understanding was signed yesterday that will see
the parties work together on the feasibility of assembling fuel bundles
in Iran, which will be economic once all eight new reactors are
grid-connected, and reflects a global trend towards localised assembly
in nuclear fuel supply. . Under license from ROSATOM, production of fuel
assemblies for VVER power stations began at the Yibin Nuclear Fuel
Factory in China in 2010, and the company has agreements to develop
similar facilities in Ukraine and South Africa.
assembly project and all of the agreed projects will be overseen by the
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and comply fully with the 1968
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, as well as other
treaties and international agreements that Russia and the Islamic
Republic of Iran are party to, including any prospective agreement
negotiated by the P5+1 group of countries.
to the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and
the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on Cooperation in the
Construction of a Nuclear Power Plant in the Territory of Iran of August
25, 1992 (pdf, 2 Mb)
of Understanding between the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom"
and the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran on the Expansion of
Cooperation in the Use of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes (pdf, 200 Kb)
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